Life. Saʿd ibn Manṣūr ibn Saʿd ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Hibat Allāh Ibn Kammūna al- Baghdādī was a Jewish philosopher who presumably held an administrative. Physician and man of letters, Ibn Kammuna left a number of writings on philosophy and religion. His treatise comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam caused. Critical Remarks by Najm al-Din al-Katibi on the Kitab al-Ma’alim. Together with the Commentaries by Izz al-Dawla ibn Kammuna. by Sabine Schmidtke.

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As such its function in science is very much the same as kammna function in explaining religious inspiration and prophecy. The prophet does have an important role to play in organizing and ordering society.

But from among the souls that do not attain this by means of their innate disposition, some do [manage to] acquire it, whereas others are not able to acquire anything at all. Ibn Kammuna offers his own interpretation of the story of Ibn Sina’s Salman and Absal the former symbolizes the rational soul, the latter the speculative intellect and offers other unusual insights into the gnosis which Ibn Sina sketches in the third part of the book.

One-quarter of his short ethical-philosophical How to cite this entry. In the work of later thinkers, including Ibn Kammuna, the evaluation of hads served to legitimize alchemy and astrology and, more generally, to blur the distinction between demonstrative knowledge and revelation. Ads help cover our server costs. Jewish and Islamic ethics have been intertwined all along; by the thirteenth century, some rabbinic ideas had become thoroughly islamicized on the one hand, and, on the other, Jewish versions of Sufism were well-established.

Ibn Kammuna (d. 1284)

The second comprises instances where people spontaneously perform acts of bravery, leadership, or literary creativity, and thus act in a manner that appears to be above the ordinary. Hads was not just one more function to be added to the basket of terminologies used to explain psychological processes.

Finally, the present article hopes to add to his intellectual portrait the deep piety evident inb his ethical treatises, which draw upon Jewish, Islamic, and non-denominational philosophic sources. Finally, we will have a look at some of the sophistries and paradoxes that are attributed to him.

Ibn Kammuna

Roth review of Medieval Exegesis and Religious Difference: Recent Editions It is a common complaint in the field of Kammhna philosophy, especially in its post-Avicennan phases, that we lack editions of primary texts; this complaint was voiced in the first version of this entry. One of these is the famous liar paradox, which Ibn Kammuna discusses in The New Wisdom ; some later figures mistakenly thought that Ibn Kammuna had invented it.


Alwishah, which covers part two of al-Talwihat and whose subject is natural science or physics. Entries with PhilPapers records have links on their titles. They then conveyed them to students. However, on close inspection, there is nothing distinctly Kammuma about it. These are welcome developments, to be sure, but there is cause for further reflection.

Despite all of these developments, however, Ibn Kammuna supplies here exactly the same time-worn example used by Ibn Sina and before him by Aristotlei. This entry has been accepted and will eventually be published.

In the second part of this treatise, however, Ibn Kammuna shifts to a Sufi mode of exposition. Opera Metaphysica et Mystica2 volumes, Istanbul: It will become clear that in this context, intuition is a sui generis state, which, on the epistemological scale, falls kammuna the discursive reasoning of very bright individuals and the gift of prophecy.

It promises to be a rich source for the exposition of Ishraqi philosophy and for a broad range of topics debated by thinkers of the period. One-quarter of his short ethical-philosophical treatise, the Much of his legacy, contained in the form of commentaries, correspondence, and ign still survives today and makes up part of the historical remnants of his time.

Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, special topics in: It is thus striking that he does not employ the technical term hads in the course of his exposition, or, indeed, anywhere at all in these two writings. Earlier attempts to explain the ib of prophecy in terms of the then-accepted workings of the human psyche, for example, that of Maimonides, found analogous kammunq proto-prophetic symptoms in two types of human inspiration.

The Kalimat is dedicated to a Muslim patron, and it easily and naturally reads as a work of Muslim piety. It is not clear whether Kammuns Kammuna attempted to formulate positions reflecting an actual consensus within each community which would lend even greater historical interest to his ibbor whether he forged his own synthesis from a melange of doctrines taken from existing literature.

Review by Linda S. Mirror Sites View this site from another server: Those who did not receive the gift of hads at birth can get a taste of the divine if they cultivate the Sufi methods of isolation, mediation, music and prayer.


Hads indicates to astronomers, even where logical necessity does not, that the planets require more than one orb in order to complete their motions [ed. It was this proposal that was debated and criticized by later thinkers. Several paradoxes are associated with Ibn Kammuna, and these continue to exercise Iranian thinkers down to the present. Here again Ibn Kammuna connects this special mode of cognition kammuna tajribarepeated experience.

The first of these includes veridical dreams, divination, and other cases in which the unknown is revealed. Kammuns last example is particularly important because it illustrates the kam,una connection between hads and tajribaa connection maintained by Ibn Kammuna and others throughout.

Tajriba is the most usual justification for the knowledge claimed by astrologers and alchemists.

His special interest in studying the soul nafs calls for explanation. In developing this theme, Ibn Kammuna makes the bold claim that hads is the ultimate basis of all human knowledge. In general, bibliographies of recent works are going kammuan be much better linked than bibliographies of primary literature and older works.

This is an automatically generated and experimental page If everything goes well, this page should display the bibliography of the aforementioned article as it appears in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but with links added to PhilPapers records and Google Scholar for your convenience. His commentary on al-Suhrawardi’s Talwihatthe major text of Islamic Illuminationist philosophy remains one of the clearest and most thorough expositions of that branch of thought.

These vary from person to person, just as bodily endowments vary.

Linked bibliography for the SEP article “Ibn Kammuna” by Tzvi Langermann – PhilPapers

Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. Of the major writings of ‘Izz al-Dawla Sa’d bin Kammuan ibn Kammuna, only the two that compare the views of religious communities have been published thus far. Ibn Kammuna’s commentary on al-Suhrawardi’s Talwihat is his longest work and, to judge from the number of surviving manuscripts, his most widely read.

Several editions have appeared and are discussed in the last section of this entry. Views Read Edit View history.