The book is made of two parts: the first one is a detailed exploration of the litterature around Pasteur’s rise from obscurity to fame and of the corresponding. The Pasteurization of France [Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan, John Law] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one man accomplish. The pasteurization of France: Bruno Latour, translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law (Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: Harvard University Press.
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But no science imposes as hygiene does interdependence on human societies; today we know that it is more or less impossible to benefit from the good things that it offers if we do not extend them to our neighbors; in other words, individual hygiene is closely dependent on public hy- giene; a single unhealthy house in a town is a perpetual threat to all its inhabitants; if we are to give those good things to one, hygiene requires that they be extended: A salesman sends a perfectly clear beer to a customer — it arrives corrupted.
Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Nor do we have to know in advance what is important and what is negligible and what causes shifts in the battle we observe around us. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Purchase access Subscribe now. Do we not know that every discovery in the domain of bacteriology emanates directly from M.
The social context of a science is rarely made up of a context; it is most of the time made up of a previous science. Such distinctions are less important than the attribution of meaning and the construction of the spokesmen who express, for others’ benefit, what is being said by the unconscious, the rabies virus, or the print worker. Such exhibitions, which were frequent at the time, “bring together,” reports the jour- nalist, “several fairly complex orders of knowledge, constituting in short whatever may render life healthy and even comfortable” Anon.: Indeed, the social link is made up, according to theJPasteurians, of those who bring men together and those who bring the microbes together.
The Pasteurization of France
The pasteurization of France Bruno Latour No preview available – But if pastwurization catches on at once, takes over what we have said, and immediately generalizes it, expands it, and applies it to other things than those we originally had in mind, then we must attribute a pasteurizwtion efficacy to the person who has understood than to the one who has been understood. He doesn’t fall into deterministic traps that society controls everything or that science or scientists develop irregardless of social forces.
To offer well-conceived Machiavellian strategies to explain science is as mean- ingless as to write “Die erste Colonne marschiert, die zweite Colonne marschiert.
Once they had accumulated everything; now they ordered. The environment was of course important, but they will never be strong enough to control it entirely. The first section of the book, which retells the story of Pasteur, is a vivid description of an approach to science whose theoretical implications go far beyond a particular case study.
User-contributed reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Sometimes the hygienists give a definition of their science that is coextensive with reahty. Yet they added something of their own, something that seemed essential to those who adopted it in order to pursue their own projects of sani- tation. The first people to undergo this reversal were the readers of the Revue Scientifique.
The Pasteurians would have done some- thing else. However, even at the cost of a fiction, it is crucial to rediscover, at least in imagination, the crowds moving the moun- tain, so that we can understand later how the Pasteurians came to be their spokesmen and were regarded as the “cause” of the movement.
Its aims are so different from yours that your child dies. Precisely what in the army 44 War and Peace of Microbes are called obligatory points of passage. Indeed, for some decades between the Franco-Prussian War and World War One, it seemed reasonable to expect the sciences to eliminate political dispute.
It is immensely stimulating, intelligent, and funny. It is not given to everybody to become a century, any more than it is to have one’s name on the principal street of every town and village in France, or to prevent people from spitting, to persuade them to dig drains, to get vaccinated, or to create serother- apy.
The year was not a bad prediction. Yet it was quite possible to place the women in close proximity, providing they were surrounded by an antiseptic cordon sanitaire Let us look at it more closely. Irreductions Introduction psateurization.
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It is easy to imagine the extraordinary enthusiasm of all the hygienists called upon to discover the traces of an enemy that seemed so erratic as to summon up the whole explanation of morbid spontaneity. Illness, as defined by the hygienists, can be caused by almost anything.
Quarantine is an inconvenient method. He then went to Africa, to complete his military service, working for a French organization similar to the American Peace Corps.
The Pasteurization of France – Bruno Latour – Google Books
A mother gives perfectly pure milk to an infant — it dies of typhoid fever. This displacement of the best-intentioned actions is truly discouraging: Everything actors, actions, and power relations in the story reviews on the scientific literature of the time will be explained if we do not predetermine who will be the main character.
Sep 24, AskHistorians added it Shelves: The boundaries of hygiene are vague, and this vagueness is precisely what allows its practitioners to express more or less everyone’s interests and, very soon, those of the Pasteurians. The social move- ment frane which Pasteur inserted himself is a large part of the efficacy attributed to Pasteur’s demonstrations.
At the cost of setting up new professions, institutions, laboratories, and skills at all points, we will obtain properly separated channels of microbes, on the one hand, and of pilgrims, beer, milk, wine, schoolchildren, and soldiers, on the other. Medicine at Last — 4.