Bhāskara II, also called Bhāskarācārya or Bhaskara the Learned, (born , Biddur, India—died c. , probably Ujjain), the leading mathematician of the. Bhaskara II was a 12th century Indian mathematician. This biography of Bhaskara II provides detailed information about his childhood, life. Biography of Bhaskaracharya () Bhaskara (–), also known as Bhaskara II and Bhaskara Achārya (“Bhaskara the teacher”).

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His book on arithmetic is the source of interesting legends that assert that it was written for his daughter, Lilavati.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. He was also a renowned astronomer who accurately defined many astronomical quantities, including the length of the sidereal year.

Thus the works of Bhaskar I is regarded with honour in among the Ancient Hindu Astronomy which has been widely referred in the south of Indian Bhaskqracharya. This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

It has been stated, by several authors, that Bhaskara II proved the Pythagorean theorem by drawing a diagram and providing the single word “Behold! The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Bhāskara II | Indian mathematician |

More specifically the contents include: There he considered variable equations and trigonometric formulae. He is considered to be a pioneer in the field of calculus as it is probable that he was the first to conceive the differential coefficient and differential calculus. Please help improve this article by checking for citation inaccuracies. His passed his mathematical knowledge to his son Loksamudra and years later Loksamudra’s son helped to set up a school in for the study of Bhaskara’s writings.


He also developed spherical trigonometryalong with other interesting trigonometrical results. His main work was the Siddhanta Siromani which is divided in to four parts called LilavatiBijaganita, Grahaganita and Goladhyaya.

In his book Lilavatihe reasons: Using an astronomical model developed by Brahmagupta in the 7th century, Bhaskara accurately defined many astronomical quantities, including, for example, the length of the sidereal yearthe time that is required for the Earth to orbit the Sun, as Parts of Mahabhaskariya were later translated into Arabic.

Keep Exploring Britannica Albert Einstein. He has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India. The first positional representations had been known to Indian astronomers approximately years prior to this work. However, as mathematics historian Kim Plofker points out, after presenting a worked out example, Bhaskara II states the Pythagorean theorem:.

Bhaskara wrote three astronomical contributions. It was the first text to recognize that a positive number has two square roots a positive and negative square root.

Bhāskara II

Bhaskara I’s sine approximation formula. Similar to our current decimal system, these words were aligned such that each number assigns the factor of the power of ten corresponding to its position, only in reverse order: He also had a profound and direct influence on Islamic and Byzantine astronomy.

He lived in the Sahyadri region Patnadevi, in Jalgaon district, Maharashtra. He has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India. He not only discovered the principles of differential calculus and its application to astronomical problems and computations, but also determined solutions of linear and quadratic indeterminate equations Kuttaka. Identify Actors By Eyes. Thank You for Your Contribution! In recognition of his invaluable contributions to mathematics and astronomy, he has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India.

Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. The cup would sink at the beginning of the correct hour. The comments referred exactly to the 33 verses dealing with mathematics.


This article possibly contains inappropriate or misinterpreted citations that do not verify the text. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school bhaskarachqrya. Therefore, at least since the decimal system is definitely known to the Indian scientists. His mathematical astronomy text Siddhanta Shiromani is written in two parts: Retrieved from ” https: Some of Bhaskara’s contributions to mathematics include the following: Please try again later.

Madhava — and the Kerala School mathematicians including Parameshvara from the 14th century to the 16th century expanded on Bhaskara’s work and further advanced the development of calculus in India. The centre was a famous school of mathematical astronomy.

He put the device in a room with a warning to Lilavati to not go near it. It is believed that Bhaskara II was the first to conceive the differential coefficient and differential calculus. Views Read Edit View history. Bhaskara and his works represent a significant contribution to mathematical and astronomical knowledge in the 12th century. His Bijaganita “Algebra” was a work in twelve bhaskarzcharya.

Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. For others with the same name, see Bhaskara disambiguation. This device could vary from a simple stick to V-shaped staffs designed specifically for determining angles with the help of a calibrated scale. Composed in Sanskrit Language, the treatise consists of verses.

This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat