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In a section of the chapter on Relation Bhartrhari discusses the liar paradox and identifies a hidden parameter which turns an unproblematic situation in daily life into a stubborn paradox.

Catalog Record: The wisdom of Bhartrihari’s Neeti shatak | Hathi Trust Digital Library

His argument for this was based on language acquisitione. Whatak page was last edited on 2 Decemberat The account of the Chinese traveller Yi-Jing indicates that Bhartrihari’s grammar was known by CE, and that he may have been Buddhist, which the poet was not. Retrieved from ” https: Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bhartrihari’s poetry is aphoristicand comments on the social mores of the time.

Dalsukh Malvania et al. India’s contribution to the study of language The poetry constitute short verses, collected into three centuries of about a hundred poems each. A period of c. The child observing this may now learn that the unit “horse” satak to the animal.

In the medieval tradition of Indian scholarship, it was assumed that both texts were written by the same person. Kosambi has identified a kernel of two hundred that are common to all the versions.


Later Mimamsakas like Kumarila Bhatta c. Yi-Jing’s other claim, that Bhartrihari was a Buddhist, does not seem to hold; his philosophical position is widely held to be an offshoot of the Vyakaran or grammarian school, closely allied to the realism of the Naiyayikas and distinctly opposed to Buddhist positions like Dignaga shataak, who are closer to phenomenalism.


In addition, Bhartrhari discusses here a paradox that has been called ” Bhartrhari’s paradox ” by Hans and Radhika Herzberger. Further, words are understood only in the context of the sentence whose meaning as a whole is known. The Prabhakara school c. A man of wealth is held syatak be high-born Wise scholarly and discerning Eloquent and even handsome — All virtues are accessories to gold!

The leading Sanskrit scholar Ingalls submitted that “I see no reason why he should not have written poems as well as grammar and metaphysics”, like DharmakirtiShankaracharyaand many others. Each century deals with a different rasa or aesthetic mood; on the whole his poetic work has been very highly regarded both within the tradition and by modern scholarship.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The philosophy bhartrihqri the grammariansMotilal Banarsidass Publ.

For other uses, see Bharthari. Unless the child knew the sentence meaning a prioriit would be difficult for him to infer the meaning of novel words.

Bhartrihari Niti and Vairagya Shataka

Poems from the Sanskrit. Bhartrihari’s views on language build on that of earlier grammarians such as Patanjalibut were quite radical.

Sanskrit literature Sanskrit grammarians Sanskrit poets Indian male poets Ancient Sanskrit grammarians 5th-century Indian poets Indian Sanskrit scholars. Unfortunately, the extant manuscript versions of these shatakas vary widely in the verses included. It has been suggested that Bhartrhari’s paradox be merged into this article. Bhartrihari was long believed to have lived in the seventh century CE, but according to the hsatak of the Chinese pilgrim Yijing [ This distinction may be thought to be similar to that of the present notion of phoneme.


Both the grammar and the poetic works had an enormous influence in their respective fields. Detailed discussion, see also notes on p. For the folk hero, see Bharthari king. IsaevaFrom early Vedanta to Kashmir Shaivism: The grammar in particular, takes a holistic view of language, countering the compositionality position of the Mimamsakas and others. Views Read Edit View bhartrihafi.

A memorial volume in honour of pandit Sukhlalji Sanghvi. An edition based on an incomplete manuscript was published by Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune shxtak, in six fascicules fascicule 6 in two parts.

Discuss Proposed since September The name Bhartrihari is also sometimes associated with Bhartrihari traya Shataka, the legendary king of Ujjaini in the 1st century. Based on this, scholarly opinion had formerly attributed the grammar to a separate author of the same name from the 7th century CE. In other projects Wikiquote.