Jean François Niceron () was a catholic friar^, mathematician, and an artist with a passion for investigating perspective. He was a. La Perspective Curieuse Du Reverend P. Niceron Minime: Divise’e En Quatre Livres () (French Edition) by Jean Francois Niceron and Marin Mersenne . NICERON, JEAN-FRANçOIS(b. Paris, France, d. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September )geometrical optics. Source for information on Niceron.

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Retrieved from ” https: However, the ceiling is flat, and there is only one spot where the illusion is perfect and a dome looks real.

Dynamic Geometry Software by Adrian Oldknow. While in Italy in —, Niceron measured the declination of the magnetic compass in Ligurno, Rome, and Florence. Short VCU staff member page. Retrieved 30 April His Perspective curieuse defines the range and nature of the problems he addressed; later editions of the work simply provide more detail.

He studied under Mersenne at the College de Nevers in Paris and then entered the Order of Minims, where he took his second name to distinguish him from a paternal uncle, also named Jean. Franciis universelle ancienne et moderne in French.

Posted by peacay at 7: Although clearly a capable mathematician, Niceron was interested more in practice than in theory. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. First published in with 25 francoiz, Niceron’s work was enlarged by Roberval and republished inalong with the first edition, posthumously published, of a scholarly work on optics and catoptrics by Mersenne — Book three discusses and explains the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors.

Viewing this from an acute angle transforms it into the plastic image of a skull. Modern Language Association http: Ignazio in Rome, painted by Andrea Pozzo, represented the pinnacle of illusion.

Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Ars Magna Lucis et Umbrae:: Who’s Who of Victorian Cinema. As a number of scientific societies formed in the early s, Niceron became a member of the Circle of Mersenne, jdan was named after his mentorFather Marin Mersenne.

Jean François Niceron

Although aware of the latest theoretical developments, Niceron concentrated primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics, and dioptrics, and on the illusory effects of optics then traditionally associated with natural magic.


He closely followed optics and geometryand used this knowledge to create the anamorphic paintings for which he is known. They used to have the only version of Niceron’s book on the web search his name from here. He was acquainted with the leading scientists in France and Italy, such as FermatDescartesCavalieriand Kircherand was aware of the latest theoretical developments.

BibliOdyssey: Curious Perspectives

From to he collaborated with a group of scientists in Rome including Magiotti, Baliani, Kircher, Ricci, and Maignan in conducting experiments suggested by the work of Nlceron. The and editions are both available online. This page was last edited on 2 Octoberat Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all inceron is available for every niecron entry or article, Encyclopedia.

Geometric Perspective and, no doubt, others I’m forgetting. In the 20th century some artists wanted to renew the technique of anamorphosis.

In closing, I’ll just note that this subject gets very heavy, very fast, once you dip your toes into the mathematical dimensions of optical physics, and I’ve hopefully avoided that here for all our sakes.

Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Intent on finding a scientific solution to the problems presented by perspectiveNiceron worked out the geometric algorithms for producing anamorphic art and inat the age of 25, published a treatise titled La perspective curieuse, ou magie artificielle des effets merveilleux roughly translated as “The curious perspective or artificial magic of marvelous effects”.

Book three discusses and fully explains the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors. Views Read Edit View history. There is a LOT to be plumbed in the back pages of BibliOdyssey, particularly among the links at the ends of site entries like here! The dome and vault of the Church of St. Nniceron,X, — 8 Dec.

Here Niceron shows, for example, how to construct on the interior surface nicceron a cone a distorted image nicerron, when viewed from the end through the base, appears in proper proportion. In the original work, Niceron concentrated primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics, and dioptricsand on the illusory effects of optics, then traditionally associated with natural magic. His connection with these societies led to associations with some of the top intellectuals from Paris and Rome.

This work has been translated in part by Ant. Niceron reworked La perspective curieuseaugmented it with new observations, and translated it into Latin under the title Thaumaturgus opticus, sive amiranda optices, etc. Tuesday, August 21, Curious Perspectives.


Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Here Niceron abandoned any effort at general treatment and concentrated instead on constructing an optical device nicron of a polyhedral lens that gathers elements of one figure and unites them njceron another, totally different figure. The edition online via Google ebooks is perhaps the easiest site in which to see all the plates in thumbnail form.

Dioptrics is a branch of optics dealing with the refraction of light, especially by lenses Anamorphosis is a distorted projection of an image which only becomes clear when the observer’s point of view changes or it is viewed as a reflection produced by a specific curved mirror surface The 17th century book illustrations below instruct artists about the basic geometrical properties involved in producing artworks with some types of projected and distorted perspectives and optical illusions.

Niceron was sympathetic to the idea that optics was as much an art of illusion as it was a science of the properties of light.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Book II, which is addressed to the problem of establishing perspective for paintings executed on curved or irregular surfaces for example, vaults and nichespresents a general technique of anamorphosis; that is, the determination of the surface distortions necessary to bring a picture into perspective when viewed from a given point.

So I’m happy enough to copy a couple of chunks from the Wikipedia articles because they’re not bad as light subject overviews. It was through his association with this society that Niceron became acquainted with leading intellectuals in both Paris and Rome, such as Fermat, Desargues, Descartes, Gassendi, Roberval, Cavalieri, Kircher, Maignan and others. The prehistoric cave paintings at Lascaux may also possess this technique because the oblique angles of the cave would otherwise result in distorted figures from a viewer’s perspective.

It contained the first published reference to Descartes’s derivation of the law of refraction.