Sometimes people come on IRC and ask “How do I make a window? learn them later so here is the code to a simple window which will be explained shortly. The book to get on Win32 API. If you want to write programs using just the API . Why you should learn the API before MFC. The Controversy. Too many people.

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Registering the Window Class wc.

theForger’s Win32 API Programming Tutorial

At this point, the wParam member of Msg contains the value that you passed to PostQuitMessage and you can either ignore it, or return it file: You will find options for these in the rorgers of windows shortcuts, and this parameter is how the choice is carried out.

We’ve set the timer to elapse every 50 milliseconds, which results in approximately 20 frames per second.

A menu that is assigned to a window is automatically removed when the program terminates, so we don’t need to worry about getting rid of it later.

Menus and Icons You will want to add the. However I failed to take into wim32 that if you’re reading this, your code probably won’t be correct a lot of the time, and GetMessage will fail at some point: In this example we’ll only be creating one child type, which will be just like the editor program in the previous examples.

Forger’s Win32 API Tutorial

Understanding the Message Loop from WinMain which will then be used as the exit code when the process terminates. Whereas DialogBox implements it’s own message loop and handles these events by default, CreateDialog does not. Also, an HDC can only contain one of each type of object bitmap, font, pen The simplest Win32 forgfrs If you are a complete beginner lets make sure you are capable of compiling a basic windows application.

The four numbers at the end are the left, top, width and height, all in dialog units.

This struct will store the current position and size of the ball, as well wiin32 the delta values, how much we want it to move each frame. If you are viewing this locally or on wim32 website, visit the winprog website for the current official copy. One change is that we don’t call EndDialog for modeless dialogs, we can use DestroyWindow just like for regular windows. When you create a combo box and specify it’s height, rorgers are actually specifying the entire height, drop-down list included, NOT the height of the control when it is collapsed which is determined by the system based on the size of the font used.


I rarely never memorize structs, or function parameters, this is a waste of effort and, more importantly, time. This information should be purely academic, as you almost always use a resource editor to create dialogs, but knowing how to do it from text is sometimes necessary, expecially if you have no visual editor. This message returns the index of the new item either way, and we can use this to perform other tasks on the item, such gorgers associating some data with it.

Remember me This is not recommended for shared computers.

In this example I’ve used a multiselection list box, so getting the list of selected items is a little trickier. Obviously neither of these options is reasonable, so we have the message queue, when messages are posted they are added to the message queue and when you handle them they are removed. We’re going to add the capability to show the user what the name of our program is when they click on our window.

However if you run the program from the Debug or Release directories from explorer or the command shell, then you’ll need to copy the icon file into that directory in order for the program to find it. In Win32 you ignore this parameter.

You can find more recommended books and links to buy at the Winprog Store. These are required when declaring variables inside a switch statement. Every window has a Client Area, this is where most programs draw images, place controls etc We’re going to add the capability to show the user what the name of our program is when they click on our window. Fortunately, it’s not really has hard as it might appear, and a large portion of the work involved is taken care of my sensible default values.

This way you can just add the mask resource to your program and load it with LoadBitmap. I will not however present any code relating to these languages and you’re on your own in that regard, but several people have previously used this document in said languages with quite a bit of success.

Since we’re building on the last example, the code to size the MDI client is the same as the code to resize the edit control in the last example, that takes into account the size and position of the tool and status bars so they don’t overlap the MDI client window.


Tutorial: Handling Messages

I’ve prepared a generic one that should work with all of the examples in the tutorial, and you should be able to adapt it to any of your own programs.

However, less code does not mean “easier” when you don’t understand the code wni32 DO need to write, or how all of the code that is there forges support you actually works. If all else fails, specify the file: Multiple Document Interface wc. I don’t use this, so I can’t offer much help on it, but it’s better than nothing.

Read the readme to get yourself set up. The return value is only really useful if your foryers is designed to be called by another program and you want to return a specific value.

Retreiving the text from the control is easy as well, although slightly more work than setting it Once we’ve opened the file and chacked to see that CreateFile succeeded, we check the size of the file dorgers we’ll know how much memory we need to allocate in order to read the entire thing. It allocates some memory, initializes it’s contents to 0 and returns a pointer to that memory.

I hope you now have a better understanding of the windows message loop, if not, do not fear, things will make more sense once you have been using them for a while. We don’t use it except as a paramter in ReadFile.

Now when you run the program, you should be able to access both the dialog window, and main window at the same time.

C++ Win32 Framework for Beginners, Links

This is where all the messages that are sent to our window get processed. Technically speaking this isn’t absolutely required, since modern Windows platforms are pretty good at freeing everything when your program exists, but it’s always a good idea to keep track of your own objects because if get lazy and don’t delete them they have a win3 of getting loose.

It takes as paramters the handle to the edit control and the name of the file to read in. If you are one of those windows, you handle the message and act accordingly.