Abstract Barleria prionitis Linn. (Family: Acanthaceae) is a well-known perennial, Ayurvedic herb distributed in the tropical Asia, Africa and Yemen. The whole. B. prionitis is a fast growing perennial plant widely commercialized as an ornamental to be planted in open sunny areas in gardens, yards, and. Erect armed shrubs, spines ca. cm long. Leaves to x cm, elliptic, acute, mucronate, base cuneate, sparsely puberulus, ciliate on the margins, gland.

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Revision of the Genus Barleria Acanthaceae in India.

Barleria prionitis

Yellow flower of Barleria prionitis. The outer calyx-lobes are mucronate, ovate-oblong and inner lobes are mucronate, linear-lanceolate.

Fruit An ovoid capsule, beaked; seeds 2, suborbicular, appressed hairy. Barleria prionitis in Hyderabad, India.

Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippinesthe Indian Sub-continent, and the tropical regions of eastern Africa. Among the extracts, m ethanolic extract was more potent against all the fungal isolates Aneja et al. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.

Effect of isolated fractions of Barleria prionitis root methanolic extract on reproductive function of male rats: How to cite this article: May also be referred to include anatomy.

Cymes axillary; bracts 2, 1. Medicinal plants are believed to be a potential source for the discovery of new drug candidates Mohajer et al. If you are living in a subtropical area and looking for a fast growing, indigenous plant to solve your problem of planting open sunny areas in your garden, Barleria prionitis subsp.


Barleria prionitis – Wikipedia

In India it has several vernacular names like In English-yellow nail-dye plant, porcupine flower; Sanskrit-vajradanti, kurantaka, koranta; Hindi-kala bans, katsareya, piabansa; Bengali-kantajinti, peetjhanti; Gujarati-kantashila; Kannada-karunta, mullugorante; Malayalam-chemmulli, varelmutti; Marathi-kalsunda, kate koranti, kholeta, koranta, pivala-koranta; Odia-daskeranta; Tamil-kaattu kanagaambaram, semmulli and in Telugu-mullugorinta chettu Shendage and Yadav, ; Singh and Panda, barlera It has a single seed capsule bearing two seeds.

Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. Native to south-eastern Asia i. Additionally, it is adapted to grow in open, full sunny areas and in highly disturbed sites as well as in the understory of secondary forests.

Ash of the whole plant with honey is given in bronchial asthma. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives.

Although each of these features occurs in other Acanthaceae species, their regular co-occurrence is restricted to Barleria Balkwill and Balkwill, Some tribal communities are used leaves for the treatment of piles and reduce irritation Aneja et al. Each flower has five petal lobes i. This species is also spread proonitis humans as an ornamental. Caterpillars of the Pansy group of butterflies feed on the plant.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

Anti-inflammatory activity of aqueous extract fractions of Barleria prionitis L. Erect armed shrubs, spines ca. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. An infusion of the roots and leaves is applied to boils and sores to reduce swellings, and also used for earache and headache Aguilar, Phytochemical compounds and antimicrobial activity of extracts of aspilia plant Aspilia mossambicensis Oliv wild.



India Biodiversity Portal

Research Journal of Phytochemistry Volume 6 2: Balkwill MJ; Balkwill K, Acanthaceae is well-known medicinal plant in ayurvedic system of medicine in India. The whole plant extract of B.

Antiinflammatory and analgesic effects of Phlomis lanceolata boiss. Screening of antioxidant activity and phenolic content of whole plant of barleria prionitis linn. Biodiversity Group, Environmental Australia, pp. Their margins are entire and they have pointed tips i. A comparative study on total phenolic content, reducing power and free radical scavenging activity of aerial parts of Barleria prionitis.

A wide range of phytochemical constituents including balarenone, pipataline prionisides, barlerinoside, verbascoside, shanzhiside methyl ester, barlerin, acetylbarlerin, lupulinoside, scutellarein have been isolated from the different parts of this plant.

Potency of Barleria prionitis L. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page B. Means of Movement and Dispersal Top of page B. Butterfly diversity in human-modified ecosystems of southern Sikkim, the eastern Himalaya, India Desc: Weed Management Guide – Barleria or porcupine flower Barleria prionitis.